The real vampires that exist in nature – photos of Animals

The real vampires that exist in nature

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Vampires have always been among the most feared mythical creatures ever invented. Blood lust, or scientific — hematophagia. And vampires on scientific — hematophagy. Hematophagy feed on blood partially or completely.

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Despite the mystical aura of cruelty, hematophagy more compassionate creatures than the classic predators. While a predator kills an animal, hematophagy leaves his victim alive, taking in his stomach, part of her blood.

Bat-vampire


Most of the modern mythology surrounding vampires, focuses attention on the ability of drinkers to spill over into a bat. This legend is based on real creatures that live in Central and South America. Saliva bat-vampire contains special chemical compounds that prevent blood clotting. The vampire’s victim may not even notice, as it becomes a complete meal.

Facts about mice-vampires:

  • Mouse vampires don’t actually suck blood. In fact, they are the lifeblood varnish languages. Thus, during the night they drink two teaspoons of blood.
  • Some white-winged vampires are pressed against the chickens, pretending to be chickens. Thus they manage to feed on their blood.
  • Very rare bats-vampires bite people, but if that happens, she will likely return the next night to drink the blood from the same person.
  • Maybe the bats will save millions of people. Scientists discovered that the anticoagulant contained in the saliva of bats-vampires will soon be used to treat people with heart disease. Scientists worldwide are trying to copy the enzymes found in the saliva of a bat-vampire, in order to treat many heart disease and prevent heart attacks.
  • A bat is a vampire that has found a meal may sometimes share the blood with other hungry brethren. The mouse who found the blood, spits up her for her friends. Very nice, but still disgusting!

Don’t miss: the 12 best tablets for head belomorskoi vampire — Lamprey


In the world there are about forty species of lampreys, and most of them are absolutely safe for all living things. The ancestors of these creatures appeared on the planet 500 million years ago, evolutionary develop convenient and quite unpleasant way of eating. Sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus, grows into a monster that feeds on the blood of hapless victims. Adult lamprey use the mouth as a sucker, and his tongue detaches the scales of fishes to get to the internal organs. The teeth of lampreys are composed of hard keratin fibers: they ensure a secure fit vampire in the body of the victim. Continuous blood flow is achieved by the special glands of the lampreys that produce special substances that prevent blood clotting.

The vampire moth


The only species of moth on the planet, which can be interested in not only your wardrobe but also your blood. These little vampires use their thin, sharp proboscis, penetrating under the skin of any mammals. In the process of feeding, sting puts forward a number of serrated grooves, which prevent the victim did not petition to throw the rider.

Finch-vampire


Steinadler earthen reel got its nickname for the bloodthirsty nature and disgusting eating habits. This bird occurs on the Islands of Darwin, which is stuffed with blood of other feathered counterparts. The main diet of a vampire is the blood of blue-footed boobies Chaffinch pierces their skin with its sharp beak and drink until satisfied. However, gannets are from the reel in a kind of symbiosis, allowing you to eat their blood in exchange for getting rid of the parasites which vyklevyvaet a vampire.

Feathered vampire — red-crested volclay


Another bird that prefers to feed on the rich blood of mammals, rather than the usual earthworms. Volclay prefers to choose large animals with open or fresh wounds, from which the bird obtains its food.

Snail-vampire


The slow and advanced vampire from the entire list. Cancellaria cooperi is a species of sea snail, feed exclusively on the blood of other sea creatures. In order to access the soup, the snail uses the unusual device given to her by nature — a natural Taser 220 volts. A powerful electric shock paralyzes the prey and the snail-bloodsucker freely sucks the vital fluid.

Brazilian the vampire Candiru


Candiru catfish found in the Amazon, is parasitic on other fish: he swims them to the gills and drink the blood. Being attracted by the smell of ammonia, it can penetrate into the urethra of a man feeding on the blood or surrounding tissues. That is why it is recommended not to pee while swimming in South American rivers. And caught in the urethra Candiru can’t get out and die there, which may lead to the death of a person unless you resort to surgery.

The most famous vampire — leech


Modern science knows more than 400 species of leeches, but only one of them and three of its subspecies are beneficial to man, the others just nasty bloodsuckers! Mating leeches, performing the function of the male (leeches are hermaphrodites and can perform the role of any sex) clings to the female body and places the bag with semen on her skin. This pouch emits a strong that can destroy tissue enzyme that eats a hole in her body and fertilizes the eggs inside her. This is more disgusting than bedbugs! The biggest leeches of the species Haementeria ghilianii, live in South America, reaching up to 45 cm in length, and their trunk — 15 cm These leeches can attack caimans, anacondas and other large animals, including people. The case when several large specimens killed a cow. Incredible!

 

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